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, spring has finally sprung and we can once again venture outside and enjoy the great outdoors. Traditionally, this is the time of year when weekend warriors all over the nation dust off their racquets and begin their mass exodus toward whatever passes for a tennis court in order to play what is arguably one of the most popular games in the UK. Considering the popularity of the game, you'd think that those who play tennis would be serious about their conditioning. After all, with a sport that requires rapid direction change, explosive power output and a huge anaerobic component, the demands placed upon the body can be immense. Unfortunately though, many players rely on playing the game itself once or twice a week as their only means of physical preparation and often fall foul of injury as a result. In fact yeezy boost 350 mens for sale
, statistics tells us that over 6ooo UK adults are injured every year due to tennis participation (HASS Report 1998) with lateral ankle sprains, ACLMCLLCL and rotator cuff injuries becoming more and more prevalent. And lest you think these problems are confined to older adults only, think again. It has been reported that more than 4700 youths under 15 years of age are treated for tennis related injuries every year with many of these due to lack of physical preparation. Clearly then, there is a great need (and a great market!) for Personal Trainers to develop conditioning plans that reduce injury risk and increase performance amongst tennis players. But where do we start? Well, it has been argued that ANY conditioning programme is better than none and for the most part this has been found to be true. As Wayne Westcott demonstrated last year with golfers, a general programme of strength, flexibility and cardiovascular conditioning can have positive effects on sports people regardless of the sport or position they play. That said yeezy boost 350 mens australia
, it is important to recognise that all sports, and all players for that matter, have their own unique performance profiles which, when addressed through correct conditioning programmes, can dramatically reduce the chance of injury and increase player efficiency. Player Profiling Long before we ever put a weight into our budding tennis players' hands or suggest a stretching programme to address flexibility deficits, we need to learn about the 'machinery' that comprises the movement system of that unique individual. A thorough assessment of the individual joints, muscles and neurological recruitment patterns can tell us almost everything we need to know about the neuromuscular integrity of our athletes including: - Which muscles are facilitated - Which muscles are inhibited - Patterns of synergistic dominance - Postural distortion patterns - Innerouter unit dysfunctions - Motor pattern irregularities - Functional range of motion compensations As complicated as this assessment may sound yeezy boost 350 red womens
, it is in fact a relatively straight-forward process which, with a little study and practice, can remove the guesswork from your programming protocols, speeding up the results in the process and virtually eliminating the chances of injury. For example, during a Kinetic Chain Assessment (KCA) of a tennis player we'll often find the following: Static Posture Regular tennis players will often exhibit forward head posture, depression and internal rotation of racquet arm, anterior tilting of pelvis and hyperextension of the knees. All of which are created by dominance patterns within the sport itself e.g. internal rotation and depression caused by myofascial shortening of the pectorals (major and minor) yeezy boost 350 grey womens
, Latissimus dorsi, Teres major and Subscapularis as a result of overuse of the limb. Fundamental Movement Profile Using a standard lunge or squat pattern (both particularly relevant to the sport) often indicates the following movement dysfunctions: - Pronation of the feet - Poor eccentric deceleration of the foot by the Tibialis anterior - Medial tracking of the knees - Dominance of adductors over relatively weak gluteal group - Abdominal protrusion - Weak inner unit - Anterior pelvic tilt - Weak outer unit dominant erector spinae and lats - Increased thoracic kyphosis - Inhibition of rhomboids by pectorals Neurological Recruitment Assessment When the reciprocal relationships between opposing muscle groups become affected by facilitation or inhibition there follows an altered recruitment sequence in the muscles creating movement around the joints. In tennis players we'll often find that the muscles that abduct the shoulder 'fire' out of sequence leading to overuse of the Trapezius and cervical musculature creating a condition causing overuse and stress-type injuries to these areas. In addition, the gluteal musculature will often become inhibited by the overused quadriceps leading to a pattern of dominance in the lumbar erectors and hamstrings. Space doesn't allow for a full description of the KCA but as you can see, the information gained from this type of assessment is invaluable in creating programmes that are specific to each and every individual player. Tennis is a sport unlike any other. Played within a small confined area, players are expected to accelerate a ball at speeds often exceeding 100 mph whilst moving in any and all directions and from any number of body positions. With so many variables to address it's often difficult for personal trainers to know where to begin with their programming efforts. Many place their emphasis on developing extra power for the serve (a mistake in an already overdeveloped area) whilst others focus on developing upper body strength-endurance for the rallies. This is the way it's always been done for tennis conditioning, after all it's predominantly an upper body game isn't it? Well, the upper body may be responsible for delivering the ball to the opponent's side of the net yeezy boost 350 pink womens
, but in truth, the upper body has relatively lSeco.